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NW - The Measurement of Mechanical & Electrical Services related to Bld Projects - 15 Nov 19

Gauteng - Life cycle costing and the Quantity Surveyor - 26 November 2019

The Association of South African Quantity Surveyors

All of us count!

Quantity Surveyors, project managers, cost engineers or anybody interested in the construction industry and built environment should find really useful information on this large web site dedicated to the quantity surveying profession in South Africa. Our Events Calendar lists seminars and events for quantity surveyors, cost engineers, project managers and other role players in the construction industry. Visit our online store to purchase contracts, documents, apparel and software or take time out to catch up on the latest "News". Browse around... we hope you enjoy your stay! Welcome. We're glad you're here.


Fees for excessive variation

The EduTech Q&A

A request for guidance on the application of the excessive variation clause 4.3 in the Tariff of Fees was received. It read:

"I am involved on a project where practical completion was achieved 314 days after the adjusted

(and approved ) practical completion date

My question is, must I (clause 4.3 is not clear on this matter ) deduct 15 per cent from the 314 days or do I work on the full 314 days (from the approved practical completion date up to the actual practical completion date ) when calculating the additional fee for stage 5"

Can you advise the fellow member? Should he or she factor in any extensions of time granted in the calculation?

Click here to view the answer and a worked example.

EduTech is there to provide our members with technical support. If you have a query please log in on your profile and visit the EduTech Technical Information/ Technical Query page to send your question to us. Your question is posed to our panel of wise men and an answer is compiled and sent back to you FREE OF CHARGE!

Consistent lack of QS's in government departments is the root of infrastructure budget misspending

Late last year, the Auditor General reported that unauthorised expenditure in South Africa had increased by 38% to R2.1-billion, with the Department of Public Works and Infrastructure being one of the departments that received the poorest audit results. While the Department is mandated to be the custodian and portfolio manager of the national government’s immovable assets, there are virtually no Quantity Surveyors within many government departments.

Zandile Makhathini, Chairperson of the Built Environment Matters Committee on the Council for the Built Environment (CBE), has worked in various roles within government departments for the past twenty years. In 2012, she became the head of an infrastructure programme at the Department of Public Works and in 2015 she was able to appoint a Quantity Surveyor for the first time.

“Before 2015, there weren’t formally appointed Quantity Surveyors at the Department of Public Works. After requesting a special dispensation from HR to appoint a Quantity Surveyor for my projects, I was able to appoint one at an uncompetitive salary. The lack of competitive salaries for Quantity Surveyors is one of the biggest reasons for the lack of professional expertise within the Department. There is currently only one Quantity Surveyor and three candidate Quantity Surveyors who manage the projects that make up the R12-billion budget of the Department,” says Makhathini.

Engineers and construction managers aren’t quantity surveyors

Quantity surveyors are the built environment professionals equipped and trained to manage the complete contractual and financial aspects of construction projects. They provide key oversight and management that helps to ensure that a construction project is completed within its projected budget by pricing/forecasting as well as measuring the value of the work done on-site. Makhathini says that these skills are in short supply within the Department and that built environment professionals who haven’t been trained in cost estimating manage the financials of projects.

Click here to read on

Quote of the week

The way a team plays as a whole determines its success. You may have the greatest bunch of individual stars in the world, but if they don't play together, the club won't be worth a dime.

Babe Ruth

How should pipes in trenches be described?

The EduTech Q&A


There are two methods to measure service pipes in trenches:

Method A - earthworks to be measured in the earthworks trade

Method B - reads in the Standard System as follows:

Pipe trenches (method “B”)
Where expedient pipe trenches may be included in the descriptions of the pipe or group of pipes and separated into successive total depths in increments of 1m, in which case descriptions shall include excavation, bedding, backfilling and compaction and disposal of surplus material

Excavations in material of a more difficult character shall be suitably classified and given in cubic meters as extra over, in which case the width of the excavations shall be determined as described in method "A"

In the model bills there are only 2 items:

1.  ?mm Pipes laid in trenches (trenches elsewhere)

2.  ?mm Pipes laid in and including trenches not exceeding 1m deep

Is it required to mention all the items included, as specified above, in the description in the BOQ or will the item in the Model Bill as item 2 above be good enough?

To find out please click here

EduTech is there to provide our members with technical support. If you have a query please log in on your profile and visit the EduTech Technical Information/ Technical Query page to send your question to us. Your question is posed to our panel of wise men and an answer is compiled and sent back to you FREE OF CHARGE!

A Critical Review of Cost Benefit Analysis In Use for Both Public & Private Projects

Paper by Ellen Lau, Hong Kong, “A Critical Review of Cost Benefit Analysis In Use for Both Public & Private Projects”, 2015 PAQS Congress Proceedings, Yokohama, Japan

Value Management is concerned with improving and sustaining a desirable balance between the needs and wants of stakeholders and the resources needed to satisfy them. Stakeholder value judgements vary, and VM reconciles differing priorities to deliver best value for all stakeholders....” (IVM, 2013)

Value analysis has long been used by surveyors in evaluating the client’s objectives and so is cost-benefit analysis. With the focus on economic objectives, the industry has become more demanding in this modern era where global policies and environmental issues are dominating the minds of the decision-makers. Not only public clients and corporate clients, private clients today also pay attention to cost-benefit analysis in their development in meeting stringent rules and complying with regulatory measures in respect of cost accountability. In analyzing the literature relating to cost benefit analysis, this paper attempts to address the economic perspective of cost-benefit analysis and its unique significance of social costs for the human well-being.
Some key issues that are important in cost-benefit analysis but are seldom noticeable in the preliminary stage of project planning are identified in the analysis.
Two case examples are given to briefly illustrate the usage of CBA.
The findings are useful for those who are working with cost-benefit analysis, irrespective of whether they are serving public clients or private clients.

Click here to download the paper from the ICEC website

Free resources

Readers are invited to explore our ever-growing collection of free resources.

These can be found by visiting the Free resources section listed under Resources on our menu-bar and include several free publications.

Have you missed something? Browse to the News section!

Think you may have missed something browse to our news section, it might still be there.

New courses added to GoLearning

In order to assist you we have added numerous new courses to GoLearning and will continue to add new courseware during the year.

Efficient - available 24/7 - do CPD when it suits you
Affordable - at a fraction of the cost of a seminar
Targeted - do courses according to your needs

Eat into your CPD requirements with GoLearning by clicking here.

  Weekend Property & Construction News


In order to assist members to plan their diaries this year in terms of forthcoming congresses and conferences they may wish to attend, we publish the preliminary dates of some of these congresses for your attention:

Project Controls Expo

Where: London
When: 12 -13 November 2019
Project Controls Expo 2019 - The largest international Project Control event featuring expert international speakers presenting Masterclass sessions, Case studies, Technical presentations, SME (Subject Matter Expert) Panels, Megaprojects sessions along with Partner showcase, Project Controls job fair and exclusive Awards night.

The Project Controls Expo will also be held in Melbourne, Australia on 25-26 November 2019. Further details can be found at:


What you get: :Banner adverts on the ASAQS website (over 60,000 page views/month on average!) A Mini-ad on the ASAQS website and on the Weekend Property and Construction News (over 10,700 subscribers) Preferential exposure of your products and services Targeted marketing at only R425.00 (excluding VAT) per month.
Don't wait, we only have a limited number of slots left.

Contact Bert van den Heever the ASAQS Webmaster


While the ASAQS aims to ensure that its publications represent best practice, the ASAQS does not accept or assume any liability or responsibility for any events or consequences thereof that derive from the use of documents or any other materials, software or resources as they are only intended to provide general guidance to those who wish to make use of it. Such publications, software or resources are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied including but without limitation to warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement.